Reading strategies are incorporated into a literacy program that aims to guide students toward proficient and lifelong reading; the read aloud, guided reading, shared reading, independent reading, and Word study.
Students are given opportunities to engage actively and collaboratively in analysing, interpreting and constructing a variety of genres. Such skills and processes are modelled, shared and guided before they are practised independently in a manner that is integrated across literacy and across the curriculum. There are six main types of writing: narrative, recount, persuasive, procedure, information report and explanation. In the teaching of writing, it is important that students understand:
- the purpose of the text being written,
- the audience it is intended for and
- the language choices which shape the intend
This strand focuses on the identification and development of the skills and strategies effective listeners and speakers use to understand and interact with others. It also emphasizes the use of higher-order thinking skills to stimulate students’ interest and engage them in their own learning.
- listen in order to understand and respond appropriately in a variety of situations for a variety of purposes;
- use speaking skills and strategies appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes;
- reflect on and identify their strengths as listeners and speakers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful in oral communication situations.